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Friday, February 18, 2011

Explain Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory.

Ans. The expectancy theory of motivation is suggested by Victor Vroom. Unlike Maslow and Herzberg, Vroom does not conntrate on needs, but rather focuses on outcomes. Whereas Maslow and Herzberg look at the relationship between internal needs and the resulting effort expanded to fulfil them, Vroom separates effott (which arises from motivation), performance and outcomes.
Vroom, hypothesises that in order for a person to be motivated that effort, performance and motivation must be linked. He proposes three variable to account for this, which he calls valence, expectancy and instrumentality.

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